Tuesday, May 22, 2012

Caste Has Large Impact on Grass Root Rural India!

Caste has been over thousands of years hereditary problem in India.Today situation in Urban India as seen some changes,due to change in life style.Even though politician's play false game on caste Urban people got some awareness on ill-effect of caste.The major concern would be urban India were caste caste hub of the nation.Many in rural Indian fuel the caste system rigorously.We need to find reason how caste survive in rural India.  

1)Lack Of Leaders:





Every village in India has a leader or Richie.Everyone in village acct with direction from them,most of the situation they don't want village people to be united.So they motivate caste and to extract wealth from others caste help them a lot.Many of this local leaders don't have knowledge or vision,for them only there prosperity important. We need good village head who can unit people. 


2) Social Inequality:

Social inequality is the hate fullest expression of Caste System. Under Caste System, the whole Hindu society is divided into two broad groups, higher and lower castes. In a caste ridden society the higher caste people enjoy all the privileges while the people of lower caste suffer from all kinds of disabilities. It leads to social inequality between the two caste groups. This caste inequality is the root cause of casteism.

3) Social Distance:

Every Indian caste is basically known as closed group. Because it lacks mobility among the members. In every sphere, there is a great social distance between the castes. Caste System imposes certain restrictions on occupation, marriage, food, drink, social intercourse and so on. Therefore, one caste is socially different from the other caste in Rural India.

The members of own caste cannot touch the culture, religion, norms and values of other casts. Their outlook is only concentrated within their own caste boundary. As a result of which a strong caste feeling develops among them. This feeling gradually converted to casteism.

4) Illiteracy and conservatism:

Rural people are so illiterate and ignorant that they are very conservative and deeply motivated by narrow thought and superstition. They believe deeply in old customs, traditions, folkways, mores, norms and so on. The rural people are very orthodox in their nature. They oppose strongly to any change in society. Being influenced by the rigid customs and traditions, the rural people consider their own caste as superior. It gives birth to casteism.

5) Industrialisation and urbanisation:

Industrialisation and urbanisation are the two process of modernisation. These two processes encourage casteism in India to great extent. Due to the industrialisation, different types of factories and industries set up in different parts of the country. As a result of which the people of different castes work there and form various organisations on the basis of caste which results casteism.
On the other hand, urbanization drove the people from rural areas to the urban areas. People belonging to a particular caste got an opportunity to unite in large numbers in towns. As a consequence the people of different castes formed different associations to seek maximum benefits of the caste members and its leads to casteism in urban India.

6) Development of transport and communication:

In the past, lack of the means of communication hindered the growth of casteism in India to a great extent. But now-a-days, with the growth of transport, the members of a particular caste could easily assimilate each other and the bondage of caste between them grew stronger. Similarly, due to the development of mass media communication like post, telegraph, radio, television, newspaper and so on, the people of one caste could easily communicate with each other and strong their caste organization. All these lead to casteism.

7) Sense of Caste Prestige:

One of the important causes attributing to the growth of casteism in Rural India is the strong desire of the people belonging to a particular caste to enhance the prestige of their, own caste. But the prestige of caste can be maintained only when every opportunity is availed in order to improve the social statue of its member. In order to achieve this objective every caste provides its members with all possible privileges in order to raise their social status. This tends to increase casteism.

8) Marriage Restrictions:

Every Indian caste is basically known as endogenous group. By endogamy, we generally mean, marriage within the caste. Traditionally, Caste System imposes certain restrictions on the institution of marriage. Due to this restriction, the members of a particular caste are forced to marry within its own caste. Moreover, the members of one caste are linked in matrimonial relations; a strong caste feeling develops among them which lead to castesism.

 9)Penetration Of Hinduism:

Hinduism is responsible for birth of caste system in India.Hinduism penetrated rural India like virus.Superstitious belief of Hinduism helped for control of lower caste people by upper caste.When ignorance about Hinduism removed caste finds difficult to survive.         

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