Wednesday, July 11, 2012

Women Protection And Empowerment:Act & Laws In India

Preconception and prenatal diagnostic techniques act-1994 (PCPDNT)This act bans all type sex identification and sex based abortion in India.The person responsible for crime were eligible for punishment under this act.The imprisonment for up to 3 years and fine of Rs 10,000.

The Prohibition of child Marriage Act-2006 (PCMA) This prohibit child marriage before age of 18.Police can take action against such incident under this law and even eligible for punishment.

Child Labor(prohibition & regulation) Act-1986 This act enable to ban child labor in any form.The person who motivates such activity enable for imprisonment and punishment.

Dowry Prohibition Act-1961 Under this act were asking dowry is consider has crime.The person who commit this crime were eligible for six month imprisonment and Rs 5000 fine.

Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act-2005 This law enable to protect women from domestic violence and harassment from husband or husbands family.The person who commit this crime eligible for imprisonment.

Hindu Marriage Act-1955 This law intact all communities registered marriage under this law eligible for divorces under certain circumstances.The husband and wife are eligible for mutual divorces only.

Eve Teasing:
IPC Section 298 (A) and (B)- It sentences a man found guilty of making a girl or woman the target of obscene gestures, remarks, songs or recitation to a maximum jail sentence of three months.

IPC Section 292-that showing pornographic or obscene pictures, books or slips to a woman or girl draws a fine of Rs 2,000 with two years of imprisonment of either description for first offenders. In the case of a repeated offense, the penalty will be a five-year jail term with a fine of Rs 5,000. 

IPC Section 509-obscene gestures, indecent body language or acidic comments directed at any woman or girl or exhibits any such object or intrudes upon the privacy of woman carries a penalty of simple imprisonment for one year or a fine or both.

Rape:
IPC Section 375- Rape
IPC Section 376-Punishment for rape-Under which a rapist is punishable up to life term.

Bill's under Proposal:

The Protection of Children from Sexual offence Bill,2011-To protect children from offences of sexual assault, sexual harassment, pornography. It provides for establishment of Special Courts for trial of such offences keeping the best interest of the child as of paramount importance at every stage of the judicial process. The Bill also incorporates detailed child-friendly procedures for reporting and trial of cases.”  

The Protection of Women against Sexual Harassment at Workplace Bill,2010-It provides protection to all women, irrespective of her age or employment status, whether in the organized or unorganized sectors, and covers a client, customer, apprentice, daily wage worker, student/research scholar and patient in a hospital.  

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