Friday, April 18, 2014

"Think Before You Vote"

"Think Before You Vote" is a article to purely understand what has happened to India in last 23 years of Liberalism policy. Take some time to know that problem is not with political parties, but with  Economic policy. In 23 years of Liberalism, Congress ruled over 15 years and BJP ruled over 6 years, but nothing changed in India because both follow same economic policy. So these two parties can never ever be alternative to each other. The real alternative government is the one that puts the real alternative policy. Here are some facts that we put forward to claim our stand.
  • 1 in 3 graduates between 15-29 years are unemployed.
  • India still allows use of Endosulfan. It is barbaric.
  • 15 million rural cultivators in India have quit farming between 1991-2011
  • Worst five states in terms of violent incidents per million population during 2005-2013: MP (14), Karnataka (10), Maharashtra (9), Gujarat (8) and Kerala (7). (Parliament Questions)
  • X-ray technicians are short by 85 percent and laboratory technicians are short by 80 percent in the government run system.
  • Only 44% children are covered by the national immunization programmes in India.
  • Pneumonia and diarrhea claimed lives of 1.7 million under-five children in 2012 alone.
  • There is a shortfall of about 25% for pharmacists, and 16% for staff nurses. (RHS)
  • Just 20% of the needed pediatricians and only about 26% of the surgeons, obstetricians and gynecologists, are in place in the government-  run Community Health Centres (CHC), each serving a population of 1.2 lakh. (RHS)
  • Doctors are short of the target needed by 76 percent, nurses are running short by 53 percent in government run hospitals. (RHS)
  • Each year there are 2 million NEW cases of TB and half a million deaths - 1 person every minute. (WHO)
  • India accounts for a quarter of all child deaths in the world. 309,000 babies die within the first 24 hours of being born in India every year. (WHO)
  • India accounts for a quarter of all child deaths in the world.
  • 309,000 babies die within the first 24 hours of being born in India every year. (WHO)
  • Out-of-pocket spending in India was about 75%, putting it in the bracket of extremely poor countries like Congo, Chad, Burundi, Guinea, etc.OOP spending is just 13% in US, 12% in UK and 33% in Brazil. (ILO)
  • About 47% and 31% of hospital admissions in rural and urban India, respectively, were financed by loans and sale of assets. (Planning Commission)
  • Only 3% of the people in working age have any kind of technical training. (NSSO)
  • The allopathic doctor-population ratio is 1:1722, but it plummets to 1:16000 in rural areas where over 70% of the country’s population resides. (Planning Commission)
  • About 28% of ailments in rural areas and 20% in urban areas remain untreated, as people cannot afford healthcare expense.  (Planning Commission)
  • India has the highest number of maternal deaths in the world. About 56,000 women each year are lost in childbirth (one every 8 minutes).
  • India accounts for 19% of maternal deaths around the world, 70% of which can be prevented. (WHO)
  • An estimated 60% of cultivated land suffers from soil erosion, water logging, and salinity, and an estimated 5-10 billion tons of topsoil are lost annually from soil erosion. (MoEF)
  • More than half of 130 Indian cities being monitored for air pollution are at critically polluted levels. Small towns are also emerging as pollution hotspots. (MoEF)
  • The percentage of young people aged 18-23 who enroll for higher education is just 15%. (MHRD)
  • India has the highest population of illiterate adults in the world - about 257 million people above 15 years. (MHRD)
  • 36 per cent of women and 34 per cent of men are undernourished.
  • About half (48 per cent) of children under the age of 5 are under nourished and malnourished.
  • 29 per cent of children drop out between class I and V and 46 per cent between class I and VIII.
  • 80 per cent rural and 64 per cent of all urban households consume less than the recommended calorie norm.
  • Eighty per cent of out-patients and sixty per cent of in-patients have to resort to private medical services as India has one of the most privatized systems of healthcare in the world. Eight crore people are pushed below the poverty line every year because of the exorbitant costs of private healthcare.
  • The share of wages in net value added in the organized industrial sector is one of the lowest in the world. It was 30.36 per cent in 1981 and this came down to 10.6 per cent in 2007-08.
  • The number of women workers have come down by nearly two crore during the period 2004-05 to 2011-12, as they cannot find work.
  • Between 1996 and 2012, rural India witnessed the appalling phenomenon of more than 2.90 lakh farmers suicides.
  • Reversal of land reform laws and forcible acquisition of agricultural land has driven away many farmers from agriculture. Fifteen million cultivators have quit the occupation since 1991 upto 2011.
  • Between 2005 and 2010, the rate of employment growth has been less than 1 per cent annually. Whatever jobs have been created are the low paid, contractual and without social security. Of the 15-29 age group of young people who number 330 million (33 crore) the unemployment rate is 13.3 per cent.
  • From 13 billionaires (with net assets of Rs. 5,000 crore and above) in 2003, by 2012 there were 122 such billionaires.
  • Between 2009 and 2013 a massive Rs. 21 lakh crores of central government tax revenues were given away as taxes forgone or in tax concessions.
  • The government has resorted to massive disinvestment selling more than Rs. 91,000 crores worth of shares of public sector units between 2009 and 2013.
  • Subsidies on food and fuel were cut by Rs. 78,000 crore in the last three years.
  • India ranks 94th out of 199 countries in the Global Hunger Index.
  • CAG has estimated that the 2G telecom has cost the exchequer Rs. 1.76 lakh crore while the coal scam around Rs. 1.86 lakh crore. The KG basin gas deal and the earlier concessions to Reliance for increased gas price had led to a loss of around Rs. 100,000 crore to the government. The current revision proposed by the government, is twice this amount. The Commonwealth Games scam was worth around Rs. 60,000 crore.
  • Contrary to the claim that privatization and free market reduce corruption, evidence shows that the “black economy” and the propagation of corruption has expanded under such policies, and is now almost 50 per cent of the GDP of the country. (Global Financial Integrity, 2010)
  • The total accumulated capital and assets held by Indians abroad is estimated to be in the range of half a trillion dollars (Rs. 25 lakh crore) to 1.4 trillion dollars (Rs. 70 lakh crores).
  • In the year 2013, 828 communal incidents took place all over the country in which 133 people died and 2269 were injured.
  • No middle class in India. As international norms,a person who earns more than $10/Rs 600 a day was classified as middle class but in India such people come under top 5-6% of the population.(World Bank)
     Its time to find real alternative for both Congress and BJP. This fact includes so called Gujarat model. Modi can only add some more facts to this list, and strengthen this list with rich get richer, poor getting poorer. Congress from the times of Nehru is shouting we are for poor, but their history proves that they are ONLY for Corporates and Richie. BJP is no alternative for Congress, but they have combo pack with violent face of Hindutuva. In 67 years of Independence both the parties never put forth a policy for social justice and social disparities.  Take some time to read manifesto of parties who provided alternative policy. If you feel right,  Vote for them.

Key Alternative Policy:

(i) Defence of secularism and national unity
(ii) For a democratic transformation of agrarian relations and land reforms; ensuring remunerative prices for farmers;
(iii) For a self-reliant economic system and path of development which will develop the productive forces, maximise employment and reduce economic and social disparities;
(iv) For a democratic and federal political system with necessary Constitutional changes;
(v) Defence of the rights of the working people, their minimum livelihood and social security; (vi) planned development and balanced growth;
(vii)Social justice, end to caste discrimination and protection of rights of women, dalits, minorities and tribal people;
(viii)Firm measures to curb corruption; judicial and electoral reforms; (ix) adopt non-aligned, independent foreign policy.

Source: WHO,MHRD,RHS,PMO,UN,Government of INDIA,World Bank,CPI(M) Manifesto,Bharani's Thoughts. 
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