Thursday, July 28, 2016

Religious Socialism: is this really a socialism?

The rise of global inequality causing super structure to undergo a change on economical stand. It's not a sudden change happned in super struture but across the previous century we can find many such incident of superstructure inheriting or claming principles of socialism. The main super structure claiming the principles of socialism is religion.Our question raises after claims of Pope Francis.

Religious Socialism:

Even Thousands of religion across the globe,our point of discussion going to be only two junior most religion's Christanity and Islam. Our defence aganist this claims is must to bring oppressed class from the cluthes of opressors to the path of scientific socialism.

Christanity Socialism Claim:

Two Years  ago a claim for socialism came from head of 1.2 billion people pope francis. His claim was "I can only say that the communists have stolen our flag. The flag of the poor is Christian. Poverty is at the center of the Gospel,". Is it so communism or socialism is part of christanity teaching?. Pope's claim were based on the prmitive christain society established after christ birth, preachings of apostle and bibilical contents. Even then pope is not the first person to do so the claim but many anti-marxist to claim over centuries.

After death of Jesus christ, 12 disciples or apostle went on preaching message of jesus christ on start of AD in which lots of small community created based on religion. They lived in a society in which all wealth generated were distributed among them based on need and equality.Then on a small society based religious activity developed into  chruch based society.Chruch become co-partners with ruling class,feudal landlords and capitalist. they become main role players in distribution of wealth. Over centuries chruches itself become oppressors of people.So Pope have nothing to blame others rather than his own clan of pope's,bishops,fathers and nuns.

If we come to regilious scripts of christanity,we may find few mention of means of distribution:

It is God's gift to humankind that everyone should eat and drink and take pleasure in all their toil
— (Ecc. 3: 13).
You shall not oppress your neighbour...but you shall love your neighbour as yourself: I am the Lord
— (Lev 19:13, 18)

Even though there are clear mention about mean of distribution, we cant reconize it as socialism. Since claims speaks only about means of distribution but not about means of production which generates the wealth. Among it also we cant find trace of equal means of distribution or distribution based on contribution.
Today's concern of pope over capitalism  and favouring socialism looks strange because francis precessdors pull down mighty socialist blocs to rebulid roman catholic empire.

Islamic socialism claim:

Islamic claim of socialism started much with Muhammad friend Abu Dharr al Ghifare ,since he strongly opposed inequality but modern day Islamic socialism came from islamic reformist leaders like Mustafa Kemel etc. In accordance with claim many socialist,communist and labour parties in Islamic governed states started to adapt socialism within the framework of Islam rather than anti religious Marxist view of socialism. Even today  Arab socialism and al-bhaah socialism predominant socialist principles in middle east and Arab nation rather than a proper scientific socialism . The claim of Islam comes from one of the five pillars of islam(Sahahada,Salat,Zakat,swam,Haji):Zakat

Zakat means a tax. A Muslims in between two lunar calendar or two Ramadan need to donate 2.5% of wealth as charity or tax. In Islam to so called claim of socialism speaks about means of distribution rather than means of production. More over Zakat more complex way of distribution since it as 8  rules in distribution like need to be Muslim, need to be in poverty or beggar or slave or jihad or Zakat collector Etc.

In both religious claims its much of means of distribution and fair amount distribution for lumpenproletariat under such scenario inequality can't be driven out of society. Since means of production like land,factory,tools etc are private which generate massive wealth need to distributed. 

 Religion itself a organization of exploitation, Religions ineffectiveness to bring equality was mainly due to its exploitive nature. Religious claims of means of distribution goes invalid since religion as a organization bounded with land l,wealth,capital etc. To maintain its wealth religion always favoured ruling class,feduals,land lords etc rather than oppressed class. Religion is also breeding place of patriarchy society, since gender equality must to abolish private property. Myth surrounding religious socialism need to be broken for raise of scientific socialism.So Religious socialism can never bring equality on society within the framework of religions.

Source: Marxist.org,Lenin on religion,Rosa Luxembourg on religion,Quran.com,bible.com

8 comments:

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